This section provides a description of the infrastructure currently under development at ports operated by PAV:
Extension of the MSC Terminal to the East of the Port of Valencia
The purpose of this project was to extend the storage area of the MSC terminal to the east, increasing the concession area by 23,350 m2. This new area complements the already constructed 70-ml quay and operations area, limiting the work to its south side and allowing access to the Nautical Services Dock on the north side.
The work included the construction of a new breakwater, with berm, formed by an all-in-one core protected on its outer face by a filter and a mantle of natural rockfill. The general infill, after being consolidated through preloading on land, has been crowned with stone and paved with artificial gravel and HF-4 concrete in deposit areas. The longitudinal and transverse crane rails for the gantry cranes (trastainers) were also built, along with the service networks for supply, medium voltage, lighting, fire, teleprocess and drainage.
The work was concluded in August 2016 for a total cost of 7.1 million euros.
Buildings at the new Nautical Services Dock at the Port of Valencia
Buildings have been constructed for the Nautical Services Dock, located in the centre of the Port of Valencia, to house the offices, control tower, storage and workshops for the companies that provide vessel pilotage, mooring, tug boat and underwater operations services.
They form a set of four buildings, with a unitary architectural language, located in front of the quays and berthing jetties of the fleet corresponding to each service.
Since pre-load was already available, the foundation was finished with a concrete slab. The structure is formed by concrete porticos equidistant from each other with metal pillars for cantilevers; the slabs are unidirectional and the roofs are of a passable inverted type. The outer coating is formed, depending on the area, by aluminium composite panels and extruded anodized aluminium slats.
The buildings have been equipped with the following facilities: lightning rods, cold water, solar heated potable water, ventilation, sanitation, low-voltage electricity, telephone and computer lines and fire protection.
The constructed area reaches 3,884 m2, with a useful area of 3,179 m2, with minimum and maximum heights of 7.50 m and 14.50 m, respectively.
Work was completed in February 2016 and its final cost amounted to 3.6 million euros.
Construction of the new lighthouse in the Port of Valencia’s North Extension
The Breakwater construction for the Port of Valencia’s North Extension left the old lighthouse (constructed in 1930) inside the port. The height of the new breakwaters created an area of shadow in the light signal that especially affected coastal navigation.
For this reason, a new lighthouse was planned and built in the outer area of the port, recovering the lost signal. It is 32 metres in height, visible from all waters within 25 nautical miles.
This lighthouse is the first in the world built entirely from composite materials such as carbon fibre and fibreglass in a polymer matrix. The entire facility is self-sufficient, using renewable energy from 10 photovoltaic panels and a vertical axis wind turbine that powers, among other elements, the main beacon that incorporates a 70-watt LED lamp. For easy recognition, the light has been given a characteristic signal of isolated flashes in 10 second periods: 0.8 seconds of light, 9.2 seconds of darkness.
The final budget of the work amounted to 0.9 million euros and was concluded in June 2015, officially entering service on the night of San Juan.
In March 2016, the lighthouse received the Innovation Award at the JEC 2016 Innovation Awards in Paris, in the category of structures made with “composites”.
It is also a finalist for the highly esteemed award from the International Association of Structural and Bridge Engineers (IASBE) which will be presented in September 2017.
Extension of the rail tracks on the Levante Quay at the Port of Valencia
The 2012-2024 Infrastructure, Transport and Housing Plan was intended, among other purposes, to reinforce intermodal connections. Within the scope of rail transport, the plans included the adaptation of the basic cargo network to allow the circulation of trains with standard interoperable lengths of 750 m, and the implementation of the standard gauge of 1,435 mm in the Mediterranean Corridor.
The work consisted of increasing the useful length of the rail tracks, which was 450 m, for train compositions of 750 m. It has a new layout at its south head to allow greater versatility in the terminal’s modes of operation. It included the installation of new mixed-width track sections and diversions as the first phase of the implementation of the standard gauge, interoperable with the port’s internal rail network. In order to optimize operations, crane rails were also constructed for the gantry cranes (trastainers).
It was also necessary to rearrange the road traffic at the southern end of the rail tracks and to regulate and monitor the special intersections between the rail platforms and the roads, which led to a notable improvement in safety and operational conditions in accessing the container terminal. All affected services were also replaced and restored and the old Zorroza crane was transferred. The works were completed in March 2015 for a total cost of 4.1 million euros.
Cruise quays on the North Extension at the Port of Valencia
Having concluded the Port of Valencia’s North Extension, work began on the first phaseof the cruise quay in its protected area to handle the increase in this type of traffic during recent years. With the work completed, two of the planned four berthing lines are operational and the esplanade that houses the future cruise terminal is in place.
Work consisted of the execution of three main units:
- A quay of reinforced-concrete caissons in two alignments of 440 and 430 m in length and 14 m draft to accommodate the largest cruise ships on the market.
- Extension and paving of the esplanade of the existing facilities, adjacent to the quay, forming a service area for the cruise terminal of 83,200 m2.
- 4,864 m2 esplanade for buses and passenger collection.
The work was completed in 17 months, ending in January 2014. Its cost came to 22.4 million euros.
Redesinging Road Access to the Levante Quay Terminals
This contract included the installation of a roundabout, partially located on the old surface of the main access road to the Levante Quay, which controls access to the different terminals, including the new cruise terminal and the new esplanade for the North Extension. Likewise, in the near future it will be possible to free up space for the extension of the rail tracks. The work also included the modification of the anti-noise screen that protects the Juan Carlos I Marina and the adaptation of the different networks of affected services.
In April 2013, work was concluded with a total cost of 1.3 million euros.
Breakwater construction for the Port of Valencia’s North Extension
With the aim of strengthening the inter-oceanic container port, on one hand, and handling the increase in cruise traffic, on the other, work was performed to protect the Port of Valencia’s North extension, forming a new outer dock with the mouth facing to the south.
The 250 Ha breakwater will enable the future construction of a cruise terminal and one or more container terminals, ultimately reaching 1.5 million m2 of surface area with capacity for 3.4 million TEUs/year.
The work included the following:
- 3,404 m long breakwater with two alignments, with different sections on slopes, vertical and mixed.
- Breakwater of 1,090 m formed by two alignments, with different sloping sections.
- 22 Ha esplanade for temporary facilities.
- Access to the seawall from the east breakwater.
- Access to the breakwater from the facilities esplanade.
- Installation of sea water catchments for the City of Arts and Sciences.
- Replacement of the drainage system of the Levante Quay.
- Geotechnical and archaeological campaigns.
- 410 m long breakwater on the ends of the future Cruise quay to create an enclosure that houses infill material originating from outside.
- Channels for future service networks.
- Beacons for maritime signalling.
- 8.0 m long bulkhead, parallel to the future terminal quay, which will close off the infill enclosure.
The works, part of several projects, were concluded in October 2012 at a cost of 203.6 million euros.